Every year thousands of people around the globe go to the Amazon rainforest to explore, observe the true reflection of nature, to research different plants found in the forest, and to discover what still lies hidden and unexplored. When it comes to edible plants, 40,000 different plants have been identified. Most of the plants, either in the form of dry spices or the nuts, are the part of our daily lives and these too are obtained from the Amazon. In fact, there are thousands of plants which have been discovered and undergone extensive study and research, which are now making an extraordinary contribution to science in the forms of medicine or food. Hence, the study and application of plants and herbs is inevitably of great importance.
Consider the vastness of the Amazon rainforest. This amazing living eco-system covers an area of about 5,500,000 square kilometers. The Amazon rainforest is chocked full of the healthiest plants loaded with essential vitamins and minerals. Obviously helpful and healthy plants are only one area of regard for the Amazon rainforest. The area is also quite famous its wood, fruit, fresh water, and mineral deposits.
Whenever the essentials of health are queried, this forest comes up an abundant variety of fruits with great significance. This forest’s fruits are pure and unadulterated, undisturbed by the external man-made changes. Amazon rainforest edibles are a highly reliable and healthy source of energy, nutrients, antioxidants. We know these essentials bolster the human immune, protecting against disease. As an example, many rural families claim that during the nut season, they are not likely to catch flu or cough while the people living in urban areas are easily prone, and at high risk of being affected.
Many of the nutritious fruits and plants of Amazon, can be found in our kitchens. They pass through our eyes daily, and include: avocado, banana, coconut, fig, grapes, tapioca, lemon, mango, Brazil nut, cashew, passion fruit, etc. It’s a little known fact that 80% of the developed world’s diet originated from the Amazon rainforest.
Apart from the common ones mentioned above, there is a great deal to detail regarding the most amazing and incredible fruits and plants from the Amazon rainforest which are also being used in herbal treatments on a mass scale.
White Trillium is an edible and medicinal plant. People come from all over the world specifically to obtain it. It has been used by Native Americans since long ago, and has a great history in the Amazon region. It can be utilized in diverse ways -- from being a beautiful salad garnish, to use a medicine for treading wounds. Furthermore, its root works wonderfully as an alternative medicine with great antiseptic, diuretic, ophthalmic, and antispasmodic properties. Chewing the flower is even said to cure a snakebite and ease labor pains for women. It has mild sun flower like taste which makes it easier to consume.
Foxglove or digitalis is another miraculous plant that can treat cardio-related problems, especially those associated with arteriosclerosis or hypertension. Undoubtedly Foxglove is most beneficial and effective, but its serious medicine and should only be administered under a doctor’s supervision. If used incorrectly, it can be fatal and dangerous. Researchers around the globe continue to study the important healing properties of this herb for cardiovascular treatment.
Castor, the genus name of which is Ricinus, is most famous and well-known for the castor oil extracted from it. Castor Oil has been used for centuries as an effective medicine in treating several illnesses. This plant, apart from extraction of oil, produces bean-like seeds which are used for birth control, constipation and leprosy.
Chincona is a tree found in the Amazon rainforest. Generally, people use its bark to make medicine. It helps relieve abdominal problems. Chincona increases the appetite. It is normally recommended to those experiencing poor appetite. It helps regulate digestive juices and treats bloating/ fullness. Furthermore, it works great in blood-related problems where vessel disorders occur like hemorrhoids, and varicose veins.
Lipstick Tree (Bixa orrelana):
Lipstick tree should sound fascinating to girls. It should, it is the plant which Native Americans had used to make red paints, and their own lovely lipsticks. Additionally, this shrub is used in the edible dishes as a food coloring for years especially in South and Central American cuisine.
Cupuaçu (Theobroma grandiflorum):
If you love chocolate then you should not miss meeting this close relative! Yes Cacao! You must have heard of it. It’s recognized as a plant for making chocolate, and the tree grows abundantly in the region of Amazon Rainforest, It is believed humans cultivated it even before the arrival of Europeans.
These trees range in height between 15 to 20 meters, and are sometimes used for lumber. However, the biggest revenue is collected from its brown, oblong fruits. This potato looking fruit has a great market in world. It is not only used in juices, jams and other sweet desserts, but it is a staple component of cosmetics products. Cupuaçu seeds are increasingly being used for cosmetic products like lotions, lip balms and anti-aging creams. Cupuaçu contains essential oils that help improve skin elasticity and soothe irritation. Of additional importance, the oils have natural sunscreen properties.